Basics of Reefkeeping

Water Chemistry

Lesson one! Get out a pen and a new notebook. This is my first KEY piece of advice. In this notebook, you are going to jot down every little piece of information you think is relevant to your ultimate goal.  Keeping notes is something I still do even today. Even when reading an article online or in a magazine, I often find myself jotting something ...

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Rock and Substrate

Sand Options There are many choices when dealing with substrate selection.  Not all of them are practical though you will still find them being used from time to time. Of the less desirable substrates are crushed coral, silicate-based sands, and crushed oyster shell. Ideally, aragonite sand and/or live sand is idea.  Many aquarists go with a combination of the two.  ...

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Planning Your System

By now you should have a pretty good amount of notes from research and what we have studied so far. Hopefully, you even have a basic diagram of what your system will look like. If not, after this section you should. There are many methods utilized today ranging from nothing more than an air-stone and natural lighting to the high-tech reef aquarium that...

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Equipment Options

Skimmer   How does a skimmer work? As air is injected into the skimmers water column, very small bubbles are created. These bubbles have a thin film around them that attracts minute particles and organics as they rise toward the skimmers water surface. At the surface, they accumulate creating foam. This foam rises just above the waters surface and overflows into the ski...

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Setting it Up

Even new equipment can be faulty at times.  This is why it is important to thoroughly test equipment prior to putting it into service.  A good way to do this is by filling the tank with fresh water and allowing equipment to run for a few hours without live rock or other life-containing ingredients, while periodically viewing for leaks or defects in workmanship.  This will also give ...

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Selecting Livestock

There is a wide variety of livestock to pick and chose from when selecting specimens for our systems, some of which should not be kept by amateur aquarists and even some, not at all.  New systems are not very stable and should not be used to house very sensitive species until they have had a chance to develop necessary bacterial and micro-organisms.  Before any new organism...

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Maintenance Routines

Many aquarists carry out a strict daily, weekly and monthly maintenance schedule when their systems are new but oftentimes, they overlook many basic aspects that need to be addressed on a regular basis, once there systems have been running successfully for an extended length of time.  This oversight often leads to problems that we can avoid by maintaining a maintenance log and sticking with our planned maintenance.    ...

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