Starfish
This Maroon Clownfish data sheet gives you basic information about the common names, scientific names and water parameters required by this species. In addition, you can find Maroon Clownfish information such as diet, determining sex, breeding, distribution and compatibility.
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Maroon Clownfish (Premnas biaculeatus)

 

Scientific Name: Premnas biaculeatus

 

Alt Scientific Name:

 

Common Name: Maroon Clownfish

 

Alt Common Name: Maroon Anemone fish, Spine Cheek Anemone fish, Yellowstripe Maroon Clownfish, Yellow Stripe Clown Fish, Gold Stripe Maroon Clownfish

 

Group: Damselfish (Damsels/Clownfish)

 

Family: Pomacentridae

 

Distribution: Indo-Pacific

 

Adult Size: 6 inches (15.2cm)

 

Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons

 

Temperament: This species can be quite territorial - particularly if hosting an anemone. They may be aggressive with other Clownfishes in most tank setups and might bully smaller tankmates. They will defend their host anemone (if included in tank) aggressively.

 

Care Difficulty: 5/10

   
Very Easy
Moderate
Very Difficult

 

Reef Safety Score : 3/3

   
Not Safe
High Risk
Low Risk
Reef Safe

 

Temperature Range: 75°F - 82°F

     
74
76
78
80
82
84

 

pH Range: 8.1 - 8.4

     
7.8
8.0
8.2
8.4
8.6
8.8

 

Salinity Range (specific gravity): 1.02 - 1.025

     
1.016
1.020
1.024
1.028
1.032
1.036

 

Diet Information: Primarily feeds on zooplankton in the ocean but they generally are not very picky when it comes to food. Try to give them a variety of marine preparations. They should accept vitamin enriched flake foods, frozen and definitely live foods.

 

Additional Information : The Maroon Clown fish is one of many Clownfish species. The scientific name for Maroon Clownfish is Premnas biaculeatus. It is also known as Maroon Anemonefish, Spine-Cheeked Clownfish and Spine-Cheeked Anemonefish. Clownfish are renowned for the symbiotic relationship that they form with various species of sea anemones. Due to this symbiosis, Clownfish are also known as Anemonefish. All the other 26 known Clownfish species belong to the genus Amphiprion, but the Maroon Clownfish belongs to the genus Premnas. Both Amphiprion and Premnas are included in the family Pomacentridae, a family that also includes the Damselfish species. The Maroon Clownfish is a popular aquarium species and it is not very difficult to keep if you known how to keep a basic saltwater aquarium. It is a very beautiful fish and will look stunning in any aquarium set up. The entire body is maroon red and decorated with three very distinct white stripes; one on the forehead, one on the midsection and one just in front of the anal fin. You should ideally not keep your Maroon Clownfish in an aquarium smaller than 30 gallons, and a larger aquarium is even better. A Maroon Clownfish can reach a size of 4-6 inches. In the wild, Maroon Clownfish will always try to find an anemone that can protect it from predators, but in an aquarium with no predators around an anemone is not mandatory. You should however provide your Maroon Clownfish with some other type of safe place in the tank, since a barren aquarium can make the fish feel stressed. Keeping an anemone is hard and should not be tried if you are a beginner saltwater aquarist, but when you feel more confident the anemone-clownfish relationship can be highly fascinating. Always carefully research the anemone species that you are interested in before you get one, since anemones have particular requirements that differs from the typical fish requirements. If you provide your Maroon Clownfish with an anemone species that it has never before encountered, the fish will need some time to adjust to the new anemone. During this acclimatization period, your Maroon Clownfish will not be protected from the dangerous sting of the anemone. Wild Maroon Clownfish is found in the Indo-Australian waters, including the Philippines, Burma, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vanuatu, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. The water temperature in the aquarium should therefore be between 75 and 82 F and the pH between 8.1 and 8.4. Keep the sg in the 1.020-1.025 range and the dKH between 8 and 12. Maroon Clownfish can be aggressive, especially towards other Clownfish regardless of species. Housing it with other Clownfish is therefore unadvisable unless you have a very large and well decorated aquarium. A male and a female can however do well together if they are compatible. The Maroon Clownfish will usually only display severe aggressive behavior toward non-clownfish species if a fish tries to venture into the territory claimed by the Maroon Clownfish. Since clownfish species typically form very small territories around a single anemone, this is usually not a problem in the aquarium as long as you decorate it wisely. Since the Maroon Clownfish is a predator, it should naturally not be kept with fish that is small enough to be considered pray. Wild Maroon Clownfish will use its vivid coloration to attract predators that will be stung, killed and eaten by the anemone. When the anemone is finished, the Maroon Clownfish will eat the leftovers. It will also clean the anemone from dead tentacles by eating them. In an aquarium, you can feed your Maroon Clownfish meaty foods, e.g. fish, shellfish and shrimps. It is an omnivore and requires some herbivore food in addition to the meat. Never catch your Maroon Clownfish in a net when you need to move it, since you might entangle and injure its cheekspines. A specimen container is a better choice.

 

Tank Mate Compatibility : Use caution when selecting tank mates. It's probably not wise to keep them with Lionfish or Triggers large enough to eat them. Also avoid keeping them with smaller more peaceful tankmates because the maroon clowns may bully them.

 

Breeding Information: This fish has been successfully bred in captivity with many tank raised specimens being offered for sale. Once paired off, the pair will clean off a suitable spot (flat rock) and then place the eggs in this location and defend the area aggressively.

 

Determining Sex: Males are generally smaller, more red and less aggressive than the female. This fish has the ability to change it's sex when the top female dies. A larger male will turn into a female.

 

Primary Area in Tank: All over

 

 

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