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Recent Coral Information

Frogspawn

Frogspawn
The frogspawn coral is a relatively easy to grow for a LPS coral. Frogspawn has a branching skeleton and green or brown soft tissue that looks ve...

Hammer

Hammer
The Hammer Coral, Branched is a large polyp stony (LPS) coral and often referred to as Euphyllia Hammer Coral or Anchor Coral. Its common names a...

Toadstool Mushroom Leather

Toadstool Mushroom Leather
The Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral is referred to as Sarcophyton Coral, Mushroom, Leather, or Trough Corals. They are found in various shades o...

Green Star Polyps

Green Star Polyps
Green Star polyps are small bright green polyps connected together by a rubbery purple colored mat. Open during the day, retracted at night or wh...

Pulsing Xenia

Pulsing Xenia
It is easy to see why the Xenia Soft Coral is a favorite of many marine aquarists and reef keepers. This species propagates easily and is particu...

Zoanthids

Zoanthids
A soft, colonial coral that forms a mat of small, circular polyps. These polyps look a bit like tiny anemones with radial tentacles and a small c...

Recent Reef Fish Information

Mandarinfish

Mandarinfish
A beautiful and peaceful fish - the mandarin goby would seem like the perfect reef fish. This fish can be quite difficult to keep alive due to it...

Orange Spotted Sleeper Goby

Orange Spotted Sleeper Goby
The orange spotted sleeper goby is an excellent reef fish. It will not harm corals or other invertebrates, but it can cause some problems with dr...

Carpenter's Flasher Wrasse

Carpenter's Flasher Wrasse
A stunning and lively fish that would make a great addition to any reef tank. The carpenter's flasher wrasse is a great community fish and excell...

Blue Throat Trigger

Blue Throat Trigger
Often billed as the only reef safe trigger, the blue throat trigger is a very well behaved fish. Typically shy and non aggressive it will probabl...

Rainford's Goby

Rainford's Goby
Rainford's Goby cruises around the reef looking for tiny invertebrates and grazing on filamentous algae. It can be kept in a peaceful community a...

Potters Angelfish

Potters Angelfish
The potters angelfish is a notoriously poor shipper. If the fish survives shipment and is placed in an established reef tank then it is a fairly ...

Recent Reef Articles

How to Cure Live Rock

Note: All live rock should only be handled while wearing gloves. There are many animals that can be hiding in and on the live rock that can cause a lot of harm to the person handling it. Animals such as Sea urchins, some snails and Zoanthids can be toxic to the touch, mantis or pistol shrimp can slash a finger down to the bone and open wounds can easily become infected from contact with the live rock How do you cure live rock? Ideally, live rock should be cured in a vast container that has a large volume of water in comparison to th...

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How I Do Reef Tank Water Changes

I guess for most people this is not what I would call an exciting subject. Just remember, there are people out there entering the hobby who really don't know about any type of tank upkeep, and really need to know, before they buy their first fish. This may help them know what they are in for. So here it is, in all its glory! In my case, its a bit more complicated as the systems are linked to a common sump. Pictured left is the Alpha reef. I don't have to do anything with it during this change, since I'm pulling water out of the 5...

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How Does an Overflow Box Work?

Just how does an overflow box work, and why doesn't it overflow on my carpet? Well here I will explain the general principals of how an overflow works, and how it controls itself. After all, if they were that unreliable, nobody would use them! Here is a typical overflow device for a "non-drilled tank". When you buy one of these, this is basically what you get. They are made of either some kind of Plexiglas or acrylic variant, and are usually clear. The tankside box goes into the tank. When in the tank, water will flow th...

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The Reef Keepers Glossary

An Internet Guide to Reefkeeping Abbreviations, Terminology and Shorthand. I'm sure you've seen them, and perhaps they have left you puzzled. Don't worry, its not our own secret language. Well, then again maybe it is. As with any hobby on the internet, you're bound to run into shorthand, terms, and abbreviations that leave you at sea. I won't be covering the standard chit-chat stuff like LOL, BRB, HaX0r, or any extremely deep abbreviations like , CaCl2 (Calcium Chloride). I'll just be dealing with Internet Reef-Speak....

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The Coral Propagation or Frag Tank

Propagated corals can easily be placed within the main system from which they are propagated. There they can be allowed to grow out, to be sold or traded at a later date. However, for the more serious coral propagation farmer finding room within the main display system may quickly become a problem. The sump is another option, but that would require intense lighting usually under the display system which caused additional challenges, not to mention dealing with equipment and other obstacles within the sump. There is another solution howeve...

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Mangroves in the Reef Aquarium

The practice of keeping mangroves in captivity as applied to marine aquariums is nothing new. However, it has become increasingly popular as of late. This more than likely has to do with the keeping of mangroves in captivity being mentioned in several publications and popular books by leading authorities as well as advanced hobbyists. Julian Sprung was among the first to gain notoriety in this practice, keeping several mangroves successfully in a refugium attached to his personal system. Soon, other leading authors and reef-keepers follo...

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Recent DIY Projects

Modifying an Eclipse Hood for Compact Fluorescent Lighting

Here's what we need to start: a Marineland Eclipse 1TL (we use the TL - twin light version because it has ample room for the bulbs. It might be possible to do a similar mod with the single light version, but we haven't tried it), an Advance REL-2P-32 ballast, two 28W CustomSea Life compact fluorescent bulbs - one 6700K daylight and one 7100Kblue, two compact fluorescent bulb clips, an Advance RS-22-32 ballast(or a Magnetek 449-LR-WS-TC-P, see step 1 below), and a power cord witha grounded plug. Everything except the lasttw...

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DIY Reef Tank Stand with Hood

This stand was built using nothing more than a hammer, screw-driver hand-saw and sand paper. Ok, I used a paint brush to put on the stand and varnish. Trust me when I say that I'm not very skilled when it comes to working with tools. Heck, my wife is the one who changes the oil in the car! What makes this particular stand so unique? Well, I built it of course! But other than that, this design enables you to stack heavy equipment, books or almost anything else you want inside the hood above the tank. Just how I accomplished this w...

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Frozen Reef Food Recipe

There are many basic recipes available for creating your own foods for your fish and invertebrates, even the filter-feeding ones. Some are more practical than others. In general, a good recipe should provide a well-rounded diet for various life-forms in the aquarium. Most filter-feeding invertebrates are omnivorous (they require both meat and plant-matter to survive) as are many fishes. Here is a good example for a fish/invertebrate ration. Feel free to modify it as you see fit. 5 oz shrimp, peeled 3 oz shellfish (shelled) 5 oz Artemia (...

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How to Make a Surge Bucket

Overview: This surge bucket was designed to provide a periodic surge of water motion in holding systems or aquariums which contain small polyp stony corals. It operates through the use of two floats which open a toilet bowl flapper. The larger float is used to power the opening of the flapper and the smaller float is used to trigger the rising of the larger float. The larger float falls to a position perpendicular to the waters surface when the bucket is emptied. It stays in this position until the water level rises high enough to raise...

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What Silicone is Reef Safe?

I often get asked what silicone is safe to use in a reef tank. I have personally used three types of silicone with no ill effects at all. The important thing to consider when selecting a silicone for use in a reef tank is to make sure that it is 100% silicone with no additives to eliminate mildew. Do NOT use a kitchen or bath silicone. I have never seen a kitchen or bath silicone that does not contain mildew protection. What silicone brands are reef safe? The three types of silicone I have found that meet these requirements are: A...

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Easy DIY Above Tank Refugium

Project by Erik and Joann from Appalacian Reef Materials Cost 1 ea 45 Qt. Rubbermaid Tub from Wal-Mart $5.45 1 ea 1' Bulkhead from Premium Aquatics $5.95 1 LOA model 6065 from Wal-Mart $24.95 6' of 1' Tubing @ $1.30 ft from Home Depot $7.80 6' of 1/2' Tubing @ $0.42 ft from Home Depot $2.52 3/4' screw to 1/2' nipple adapter $0.42 1 Mini-Jet 404 from Premium Aquatics $14.95 Total $62.04 Step One You begin by measuring the lid and finding the center-lines, essentially splitting the top into quarters. Then meas...

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